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Reports and Gray Literature [APA 10.4]

Author Date Title Source
Publisher information DOI or URL

Author, A.

Author, A., & Author, B. B.

Name of Group.



(2020, May 4)


Title of report.

Title of report (Report No. 75).

Title of gray literature [Description].

Publisher name.


Examples - Reports

 Reference Entry

Deni, J. R. (2016, January). Military engagement and forward presence: Down but not out as tools to shape and win. Strategic Studies Institute and U.S. Army War College Press. 

Thistlethwaite, J., & Menzies, M. (2016, January.) Assessing the governance practices of sustainability reporting (Policy Brief No. 71). Centre for International Governance Innovation.

Sircar, N. (2015). A tale of two villages: Kinship networks and political preference change in rural India (CASI Working Paper No. 15-02). Center for the Advanced Study of India.

FAO, IFAD, & WFP. (2015). The state of food insecurity in the world 2015. Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: Taking stock of uneven progress. FAO.

U.S. Department of State. (2016, June). Trafficking in persons report.


Corresponding In-Text Citations

Parenthetical citation: (Deni, 2016; Thistlethwaite & Menzies, 2016; Sircar, 2015; FAO, IFAD, & WFP, 2015; U.S. Department of State, 2016)

Narrative citation: Deni (2016), Thistlethwaite & Menzies (2016), Sircar (2015), FAO, IFAD, & WFP (2015), and U.S. Department of State (2016)

Do not include database information for works obtained from academic research databases (i.e. JSTOR, Academic Search Premier, CIAO, etc.).

Examples - Policy Brief

 Reference Entry

Robinson, A., & Waldo, J (2021, February). Technical difficulties of contact tracing [Policy brief]. Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University.



Corresponding In-Text Citations

Parenthetical citation: (Robinson & Waldo, 2021)

Narrative citation: Robinson & Waldo (2021)

Examples - Press Release

 Reference Entry

European Central Bank (2021, August 5). ECB publishes consolidated banking data for end-March 2021 [Press release].



Corresponding In-Text Citations

Parenthetical citation: (European Central Bank, 2021)

Narrative citation: European Central Bank (2021)